Stem are very pale grey
Slow growing. Because of the tap root
they are very rot prone, so use highly gritty compost with much drainage.
Requires half shade to part sun. Watering: waterings should be
rather infrequent to keep the plant compact and not to become
excessively elongated and unnatural in appearance,
watering it properly is often difficult
because this plant tends to crack open or rot if over-watered.
The fact that the plant retracts into the soil and assume a grey-green
colouring between watering, is perfectly natural and doesn’t cause any
Overwatering: Keep completely dry and cool in winter (An unheated
greenhouse would be perfect) or when night temperatures remain below 10°
C, it can survive low temperatures (appr. -7°C) for a short
period. Assure a good ventilation.
Propagation: Easy to
propagate from seed.
Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and
plants belonging to the
Lophophora williamsii complex
has several controversial varieties and subspecies and comprises a multitude of different forms, but where each form
is linked to others by populations of plants with intermediate
Lophophora williamsii var. texana
Grows in an area that stretches from from the Chihuahuan Desert
to the South Texas Plains, on either side of the middle and lower Rio
Grande River, southward to the Mexican state of San Luís Potosí.
Extensive stands of peyote occur on the low, rocky hills in Starr,
Zapata, Webb, and Jim Hogg counties of southern Texas.
Habitat: Grows isolated or in groups usually in
calcareous deserts, on rocky slopes, or in dried river beds.
Conservation status: Listed in
CITES appendix 2.
Common Names include: Peyote, mescal buttons, muscal buttons,
Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex ex Salm-Dyck.) Coulter
in Contrib. U.S. Nat. Herb. 3 (1894) 131.
williamsii Eng., 1854
williamsii (Lem.) Voss., 1872
williamsii (Lem.) Rümpler, 1886
- Lophophora texana
Fric ex Roeder, 1935
williamsii var. texensis
- Lophophora texenis
Lophophora Williamsii var.
texensis or texana is the
phenotype from the Texas area (USA), this local form has very grey
pruinose stems with numerous flat ribs (up to 14 in adult
specimens). In cultivation forms beautiful long tuft of wool
from the areoles.