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  Astrophytum ornatum (Meztitlan pupulation) CACTUSPEDIA       

 


Astrophytum ornatum (forma) Metztitlan, Hidalgo, Mexico.
The plant from Meztitlan are characteristically covered in dense, evenly spaced  white flecks and are easily tell apart  from standard  ornatums.

 

Description: A. ornatum is a shortly columnar cactus appearing star-shaped from above, with white cross bands of wooly scales. It appears to be a very variable species especially for the density and distribution of white scales. It is the largest and easiest to grow and also the fastest of the Astrophytums. It is also generally more heavily spined than other Astrophytums.
Stem:
The stem is solitary, globose when young , cylindric with age, 30 to 120 cm (or more) high, 15-30 cm across, greyish-green to dark-green with more or less dense white or yellow wooly flakes in bands forming an ornate pattern.
Ribs: It has 5 to 10 (generally 8) straight or frequently spiralling, rather prominent, strongly compressed, more or less sinuate and crenate .

Areoles: 1 to 5 cm apart, at first yellowish-white felted, later grabrescent.
Radial spines: 5-11 stout, 2-4 cm long usually straight, subulated or ± laterally compressed, amber yellow, later brown and finally grey
Central spines. usually 1 rather larger.
Flowers: At apex, large, lemon-yelllow 7-12 cm broad, inner perianth segments broadly oblong, with a broad, more or less serrated apex, tube short woolly, scale on ovary, dark and very narrow.

 


Astrophytum ornatum (Standard form)

Astrophytum ornatum (Metztitlan form)
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Family: Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Scientific name:  Astrophytum ornatum (DC.) Weber
In: Britt & Rose, Cactaceae 3: 185. 1922 (Meztitlan population)

Origin: Astrophytum ornatum is the southern genus of Astrophytum. The habitats are at Hidalgo, Queretaro and Guanajuato in Mexico.

Conservation status: Listed in CITES appendix 2.

Habitat: Grows in wild canyons and limestone cliffs sometime on near vertical rockfaces .

Common English Names include: Star cactus , also known as Monk's Hood.

Synonyms:

  • Echinocactus ornatus De Candolle
    In: Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 17:114 1928
  • Echinocactus mirbelii Lemaire
    In: Cact. Aliq. Nov. 22. 1838
  • Echinocactus holopterus Miquel
    In: Linnaea 12:2. 1838
  • Echinocactus tortus Scheidweiler
    In: Bull. Acac. Sci. Brux. 5:493. 1838
  • Echinofossulocactus mirbelii Lawrence in Loudon
    In: Gard. Mag. 17:318. 1841
  • Echinocctus ghiesbrechtii Salm-dick
    In: Allg. Gartenz.18:395. 1850
  • Echinopsis haageana Linke
    In: Wochenschr. Gartn. Chron. 1873:983. 1873
  • Echinocactus haageanus Rümpler In Förster
    In: Handb. Cact. ed. 2 469. 1885.
  • Echinocactus ornatus glabrescens Shumann
    In: Gesamtb. Kakteen 324. 1898A


 

 


Cultivation: This cactus is pretty cold hardy and can survive to -10° C (if kept dry).  It needs to be at least 15 cm tall to bloom . This might take no less than seven years or more depending on the length of the growing period in the local climatic conditions. In the rest period no high atmospheric humidity!! Sun Exposure: Light shade to full sun.

Propagation: They can be propagated easily from seed.

Photo of conspecific taxa, varieties, forms and cultivars of
Astrophytum asterias.

Photo gallery: Alphabetical listing of Cactus and Succulent pictures published in this site.

Photo gallery Astrophytum



 

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This old page has been moved! Click the link next on the right to enter the new Enciclopedia of Cacti. We hope you find this new site informative and useful.

The Encyclopedia of Cacti