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pH  [ Chemistry ]

Dictionary of botanic terminology - index of names

  pH is a measure of how acidic a substance is.  
Acidity is caused by hydrogen ions in a liquid, with more hydrogen ions making the liquid more acidic. However, the concentration of hydrogen ions can range from just a few ions per litre to many billions of ions per litre of liquid, so the pH scale has been designed to make the numbers a bit more manageable. pH numbers range from 1 to 14, with 1 being very acidic, and 14 being very  alkaline (the opposite of acidic) with neutral solutions (such as distilled water) having a pH of 7.





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